Swaras
All holes open – Teevra Ma
One hole closed – Ga
Two holes closed – Re
Three holes closed – Sa
Four holes closed – Ni
Five holes closed – Dha
Six holes closed – Pa
SYMBOLS
SA 
S 
RE 
R 
GA 
G 
MA 
M 
PA 
P 
DHA 
D 
NI 
N 
For lower octave notes their will be a symbol ( a dot ) behind the note ex lower Ni is denoted as .N
For middle octave notes there will no symbols, example – middle octave Pa is denoted as P
For higher octave notes there will be a symbol in front of the note, for example, higher octave Re is denoted as R’
In flute we can produce P D N of the lower octave, S R G M P D N of the middle octave and S R G M P of the higher octave “ easily”.
.S 
.R 
.G 
.M 
.P 
.D 
.N 
S 
R 
G 
M 
P 
D 
N 
S’ 
R’ 
G’ 
M’ 
P’ 
D’ 
N’ 
LOWER OCTAVE 
MIDDLE OCTAVE 
HIGHER OCTAVE 


The symbol ‘ > ‘ means that we have to extend the note behind that symbol.
In some cases if we want to make groups in a bunch of notes then we will put a comma (,) for those notes.
For example .P.D.N, .D.NS, .NSR, SRG, RGM, GMP